There are thousands of threats that can affect your computer. Every time you go on the Web without any protective software on, you are exposing your computer to thousands of threats. However, one of the deadliest attacks that your computer could be affected by is ransomware. This is a type of malicious software program that blocks access to all of the computer’s files, including personal data. To decrypt the files, you will be asked to pay a certain amount, usually in the form of cryptocurrency. However, there are several things that you can do to protect yourself against such malicious software.
1. Don’t Pay the Ransom
The obvious mistake that people make is that they end up paying the ransom. If you pay the amount, you are only encouraging the attackers. More importantly, even if the ransom is paid in full, there is absolutely no guarantee that your data will be decrypted. In fact, many people never get access back.
2. Backups Are Important
The ideal way to save your files against ransomware attack is to create a backup. If you recently backed up all of your data, you can simply restore all of your files within a few minutes. However, before you decide to reinstall a backup, you should format your hard drive, otherwise the software will encrypt those files again.
3. Install a Powerful Antivirus
More importantly, you need to install a powerful antivirus program in your computer to prevent access to malicious software. When downloading files off the internet, it’s important that you scan them first before you save them on the computer. A powerful antivirus program will be able to detect all kinds of malicious software programs, and will warn you right away. Even if the file is suspicious, the program will give you a warning.
4. Patch Operational Updates
A series of security patches and updates are released from time to time, so you have to install them as quickly as possible. It’s recommended that you patch all security and operational updates, because many times, vulnerabilities in the operating system can be taken advantage of. From time to time, you should also run content scans and filters to protect your computer. You need to understand that it spreads like a virus. Once the malicious software program enters your computer, it spreads rapidly throughout the file system, and encrypts all the files, leaving behind just essential files needed to operate the computer.
5. Be Mindful
You should be mindful of the types of websites that you visit. Usually, malware enters your computer through harmful sites, and a background download might be initiated. If a program seems too tempting to download, you should definitely avoid it. Remember, if something is too good to be true, it probably is, so it’s best to keep your computer safe from such viruses. These are just some of the simple things that you can do to protect your computer against viruses.