8 Types of Sink Faucets and Their Features
There are many different types of sink faucets to choose from for your bathroom and kitchen fixtures. As simple as a faucet is, you can get all sorts of functions from a faucet if you choose correctly for your room.
Choose incorrectly, and you could be stuck with something you don’t like. Every type of faucet is also built a little differently, so it’s important to give it some thought if you’re buying a new sink faucet or having to replace an existing one.
Here are eight types of sink faucets and their features:
Type #1: Ball Faucets
Ball faucets have a single handle for hot and cold water. They are highly convenient and are washerless. The most likely place you will find a ball faucet is a kitchen sink. You know it’s a ball faucet when the handle can rotate semi-freely up, down, and side-to-side.
It’s an advanced design where the temperature, water pressure, and flow rate can all be decided on by where the ball faucet handle is positioned. The rotating ball is sat on a system of springs. The ball has chambers and slots built into it. Moving the ball across this circuitry controls how water flows through the faucet.
Type #2: Bridge Faucets
Bridge faucets are a little old-fashioned, but they can be very luxurious and gorgeous in the right context. A bridge faucet is where the levers and the faucet all branch off a single part. It resembles an upside-down lower-case letter T.
A bridge faucet requires two countertop holes instead of three. A plumber often installs these sink faucets in kitchens. A bridge faucet is defined by its classic shape, elegant lines, and unique adaptable aesthetic. These types of sink faucets can be described as classic French, Victorian, Colonial, Tudor, farmhouse, cottage, and more.
Type #3: Disc Faucets
Disc faucets are a newer type of faucet. They also do not rely on washers and are very durable. Disc faucets are typically identified by their wide cylindrical design. With a disc faucet, the handle’s capable of moving up and down and side to side like a ball faucet, although the movement’s a lot more restricted.
If you look inside the cylindrical body of the disc faucet, two ceramic discs are there. The upper disc rotates with the handle while the lower is locked. When pressed together, they form a watertight seal. These discs separate when you open the faucet, and water passes through the gap.
Type #4: Wall-Mount Faucets
Wall-mount faucets are mounted to the wall instead of the sink or countertop. A wall-mount faucet can be tough to install because none match and work for a given sink. They aren’t your traditional sink faucet. A wall-mount faucet needs to be placed at the correct height and placed in an area where splashing during use can be minimized.
The advantage of a wall-mount faucet is in the aesthetic. They look like they’re floating above the sink. They are, unfortunately, harder to install, more difficult to repair for plumbers, and are not easily replaced.
Type #5: Compression Faucets
Compression faucets are an older type of sink faucet. They have separate hot and cold water handles that can be untightened to let the designated water flow from the faucet or tightened to choke off the water supply. These faucets operate just like a screw. That’s what they are, in a sense.
Compression faucet handles are attached to stem assemblies for each handle, and each is essentially a screw with a washer at the end. When they close, the screw tightens. When they open, the screw untightens.
Type #6: Cartridge Faucets
A cartridge faucet can have one or two handles. To access water, you turn the cartridge faucet handle up and down. This controls the water flow. When you go side to side, you control the temperature. Inside a cartridge, the faucet is a hollow metal cartridge. This blocks water flow from the hot and cold water lines.
When the faucet is opened, this hollow metal cartridge is pushed forward. This allows the now-uncovered water lines to push water forward. This type of faucet requires a different approach for many repairs than the other popular types on this list.
Type #7: Touchless Faucets
Touchless faucets are incorporating all sorts of new tech into sink faucet design. The most common is a sensor-controlled model with features like controlling water flow and even adjusting temperature without you needing to touch the tap.
As issues such as water efficiency are becoming more priority in households and businesses across the country, combined with the obvious benefits of touchless faucets, more of these smart home-familiar high-tech sink faucets are being installed.
Type #8: Spread-Fit Faucets
The ‘spread’ on a faucet is the distance between the faucet mounting holes. Centerset sink faucets are the single or 4-inch spacing between holes. A widespread faucet is usually between 6-12 inches. A spread-fit faucet is where the connection is concealed underneath the sink deck, in addition to the spout and handles being separate.
These types of sink faucets can be mounted in all sorts of nonstandard configurations, i.e. having the spout on a rear corner with handles off to the side. Tight spots and small bathrooms can benefit from spread-fit faucets, even if they’re a wider faucet.